2015年9月27日星期日

1967.9.27蒋介石请日本首相佐藤荣作劝说美国支持反攻大陆

日本首相佐藤荣作1967年9月初访问台湾,蒋介石在与其会谈中请求佐藤做美国政府的工作,要美国支持台湾反攻大陆。日本驻台湾使馆的一秘Iijima负责撰写佐藤访台的报告,但他把这个消息告诉给美国驻台湾使馆。
据Iijima的消息,蒋介石对佐藤说,美国1)不理解立刻消除中共核武力的必要性;2)不理解利用大陆文革乱局的机会反攻大陆的优势;3)低估苏联企图利用中共混乱在中国北部培植亲苏势力的野心;4)看不清只有使越南和中共分裂后才能赢得越南战争的前景。因此,蒋请佐藤游说美国政府改变对华政策。
美国驻台湾大使馆说,蒋介石在当年3月份澳大利亚总理访问台湾时也做出了同样的尝试。美国外交官认为蒋是真心想反攻大陆,不过蒋也意识到在目前局势下几乎不可能反攻成功,所以蒋也对改善台湾的经济、社会面貌投入了更多精力。
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DEPARTMENT OF STATE         TELEGRAM
SECRET
R 270815Z SEP 67
FM AMEMBASSY TAIPEI
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 3939
INFO AMCONGEN HONG KONG 448
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 20
AMEMBASSY TOKYO 428
                                                                                                                                                                   
SECRET TAIPEI 906
LIMDIS
REF: A) TAIPEI 3214; B) TAIPEI 905

1. EMBASSY HAS JUST LARNED THAT PRESIDENT CH'IANG MADES TRONG REQUEST DURING HIS RECENT TALKS WITH JAPANESE PRIME MINISTER SATO THAT GOJ HELP PERSUADE USG TO BACK GRC COUNTER-ATTACK. INFORMATION RECEIVED FROM MITSUO IIJIMA, FIRST SECRETARY OF JAPANESE EMBASSY IN TAIPEI WHO WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR WRITING REPORT ON VISIT FOR TOKYO (PROTECT SOURCE).

2. ACCORDING TO IIJIMA, IN URGING SATO ASSISTANCE IN CHANGING THE COURSE OF US CHINA POLICY, GIMO COMPLAINED THAT USG DOES N0T UNDERSTAND ASIA, COUPLING THIS WITH STANDARD THEME THAT CHINA IS HUB OF ASIA'S TROUBLES AND ASIA OF WORLD'S SPECIFICALLY, GIMO REPORTEDLY SAID USG 1) DOES NOT APPRECIATE NEED TO ELIMINATE GROWING CHICOM NUCLEAR CAPABILITY NOW; 2) DOES NOT COMPREHEND ADVANTAGE OF BACKING GRC COUNTERATTACK IN OPTIMUM SITUATION OFFERED BY CURRENT MAINLAND TURMOIL;3) UNDERSTIMATES DANGER OF SOVIET EXPLOITATION OF COMMUNIST CHINA'S CHAOS, WHICH IS AIMED AT ESTABLISHING SPHERE OF INFLUENCE IN AT LEAST NORTH CHINA; AND 4) CANNOT SEE THAT VIETNAM WAR CAN'BE WON ONLY BY SPLITTING HANOI FROM PEKING, WHICH CAN BE DONE ONLY BY DEMOLISHING LATTER, SATO WAS NON-COMMITTAI IN HIS RESPONSE TO GIMO'S PRESENTATION, IIJIMA SAID. (THAT GIMO RAISED COUNTEATTACK WITH SATO IS CONFIRMED BY FCT-9684.)

3. GIMO USED SIMILAR APPROACH TO AUSIRALIAN PRIME MINISTER HOLT EARLIER THIS YEAR (REF A) AND WITH AMBASSADOR GOLDBERG DURING LATTER'S VISIT ON MARCH 1. GIMO'S MOTIVES IN URGING JAPAN AND AUSTRALIA TO PERSUADE US TO ACCEVH GRC VIEWS CONCERNING NECESSITY TO ELIMINATE CHICOMS PROBABLY ARE MIXED. GIMO'S COMMENTS TO SATO AND HOLT MAY WELL REPRESENT HIS HEART-FELT VIEWS. HE MAY HAVE WISHED TO EMPHASIZE TO JAPAN, AUSTRALIA, US, AND OTHER THAT MAINLAND RECOVERY, REMAINS VITAL POLICY.

4. MOST EVIDENCE AVAILABLE TO EMBASSY INDICATES PRESIDENT CHIANG RECOGNIZES NEAR IMPOSSIBILITY OF GRC MILITARY ACTION AGAINST MAINLAND IN PRESENT FRAME OF REFERENCE. HE KNOWS US SUPPORT IS ESSENTIAL TO MAJOR GRC MILITARY MMNE AGAINST MAINLAND, AND WE BELIEVE MH WAS FAIRLY CLEAR PERCEPTION OF DEPTH OF US. AVERSION T0 BECOMING INVOLVED IN WAR OF UNFORESEEABLE DIMENSIONS WITH COMMUNIST CHINA AT TIME WHEN WE ARE
BENDING EVERY EFFORT TO CONCLUDE LIMITED WAR IN VIETNAM, WE HAVE OVER PAST YEAR DETECTED NO SIGNS OF SIGNIFICANT GRC MILITARY BUILDUP FOR ACTION AGAINST MAINLAND, WHILE WE HAVE SEEN SHIFT AWAY FROM MILITARY COUNTERATTACK EMPHASIS IN GRC PUBLIC AND PRIVATE TREATMENT OF MAINLAND RECOVERY THEME.

5. DESPITE HIS STRONG STATEMENTS CONCERNING THE MAINLAND TO SATO, PRESIDENT CHIANG APPEARS TO BE DEVOTING MORE ATTENTION TO TAIWAN'S ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. GIMO'S CONVERSATION WITH DR. HORNIG (REF B) INDICATED PRESIDENT'S APPARENT INTENTION OF DEVOTING MORE BUDGATERY FUNDS TO EDUCATION AND SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT IN TAIWAN.

GP2. MCCONAUGHY
BT

出处:美国The Digital National Security Archive




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